Save on Construction and Renovation Costs With Discount Contractor Supplies

If you are building a home, remodeling an existing home or renovating an older home for investment purposes, you should know where to get discount contractor supplies – because, assuming you are doing your own work, that will be your largest expense.

Some of your discount hardware supply needs are long-term, durable items such as tools. However, these may not be the best things to “skimp” on; if you buy cheap, poorly-manufactured tools, you’ll be replacing them every six months – which will effectively cancer out any discount hardware supply savings you might have initially enjoyed.

Where The Savings Are

Some of the discount home supply deals you need to look for include:

o fasteners (nails, nuts and bolts, screws, etc.)

o lumber

o drywall

o electrical supplies (wire, junction boxes, fuses, fixtures, etc.)

o plumbing supplies (pipe, joint compound, plumbing fixtures, etc.)

There are several ways to get these discount contractor supplies at a substantially lower cost – if you know where to look.

Internet Discount Home Supply Sources

The World Wide Web should seem an obvious source for discount contractor supply pricing, but it bears mentioning. Many web-based outlets offer low prices on many items that builders and renovators use on a regular basis.

When going through a discount contractor supply website, it’s best to either:

o go through a firm with a local brick-and-mortar location, or

o join a website that offers discounts for members through major outlets.

These are two excellent ways to get discount contractor supplies at low prices.

Other Discount Home Supply Sources

Most cities have discount home supply outlets that carry name brand tools and hardware at prices that are much lower than you would find at a large chain store (many of these discount contractor supplies are overstocks from these same chains).

Another type of discount home supply business that is popping up in communities across the country is one that deals in recycled materials that are salvaged from demolition sites, such as the Rebuilding Center in Portland, Oregon. Virtually all of these materials have been inspected and are in usable condition. When you go this route, you’re not only doing something good for the environment, you are usually doing something good for the community as well – since most such businesses provide jobs and resources to disadvantaged persons and neighborhoods.

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Building Tailor Made Drapery Hardware With The Help Of Kirsch Decorative Poles And Curtain Rods

In terms of manufacturing the best drapery hardware for virtually any circumstance, Kirsch ranks towards the top of drapery hardware companies for both quality and style. Kirsch has manufactured curtain accessories, rods and drapery hardware for more than 100 years and throughout that time, Kirsch has designed many of the drapery hardware elements which you make use of on a daily basis in your school, home or office. To remain at the forefront with the most up-to-date styles in architecture and interior design, Kirsch is constantly adding new made to order drapery hardware to meet the requirements of today’s home owners and decorators.

Kirsch Estate Rods offer you the look and feel of a decorative drapery rod with the usefulness of a classic cord operated traversing curtain rod.

Most consumers do not know that a conventional decorative metal or wood rod with rings might not be the correct choice if they would like to open and close their draperies often. Decorative drapery hardware is similar to a Christmas Tree, it’s intended to remain in one place and be pretty. It isn’t really meant to be opened and closed. Operating drapes regularly is a great job for a traditional white traverse curtain rod, but standard curtain rods aren’t very attractive.

To have the classic ornamental wood rod or metal pole look with all of the features of a regular traverse curtain rod, use a Kirsch Estate Rod. The custom made Estate Rods from Kirsch ensure that you get the feel of a decorative drapery treatment but they use heavy duty drapery carriers and cords so you’re able to open and shut your draperies without difficulty. Kirsch Estate Rods can be created using your exact requirements for either pinch-pleat or ripplefold style curtains. And, if you want the feel of drapery rings, you can have your custom drapery rod created with decorative faux rings which will further improve the cosmetic impact of your curtain rod.

Make use of Kirsch decorative finials to highlight your custom drapery hardware treatment.

Usually when you use an Estate Rod from Kirsch, you’ll be able to select from an array of drapery finials to put your personal touch on your custom drapery rod. Typically, these tailor made rods make use of a 2 inch size fascia so you can use any Kirsch 2 inch finial. Add a couple of holdbacks or tiebacks and everybody will think you’ve got a regular decorative treatment.

Kirsch drapery rods can be manufactured in numerous models depending on your drapery weight and window size.

For normal drapery rods without a decorative touch, the Kirsch Architrac collection of custom made drapery rods can be produced for almost any style drapery and drapery weight. For example, ceiling installed drapery track, also called cubicle track, is becoming popular in the commercial and residential market segments. Drapery track is used regularly with ripplefold drapes and the simple ceiling install product is extremely practical.

For unusual window lengths or heavy weight draperies, you can have your curtain Rod custom made with ball bearing style traverse carriers. These durable drapery carriers will ensure that your drapery will close and open easily. And, you will most likely be amazed at how economical custom curtain rods can be.

No matter what style window you have or what sort of drapery you intend to mount, there’s always a method available for you from Kirsch. You can get the actual precise drape rod that you might want, specifying each element of construction with either Kirsch Estate Rods or Kirsch Architrac Rods.

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Things to Know About Aircraft Fasteners and Other Hardware Supplies

Airplane manufacturing requires quality workmanship, the right application of procedures, and the use of the right materials. Even the smallest resource must be given enough focus. Aircraft hardware is the term used to describe different forms of fasteners and other small items in building an aircraft. There can be thousands of aircraft hardware in a single airplane. These pieces have different functions and applications. Knowing this, it is crucial to choose which items go for which parts of the plane.

Aircraft fasteners

Fastening systems often come with installation tools and most of them are automated to save costs. Since safety and durability are major concerns in this type of structure, manufacturers give focus on fatigue strength. This is why they use aircraft fasteners with quality standards such as AN (Army Navy), MS (Military Standard), and NAS (National Aerospace Standard). These indicate tolerance, dimensions, and finish; perfect for works requiring high quality hardware. Heavy-duty fasteners are those made from quality materials such as alloy 600 and titanium. Most manufacturers use titanium because of their light weight.

Sealed fasteners are useful in the wing fuel tanks. Panel fasteners, together with nuts and nut plates are common in the interior part of the aircraft. Floating nut plates are often fastened to the fuselage for unpressurized aircraft. For fastening interior panels, manufacturers commonly use lockbolts and collars. This is because these hardware items can spread the load across a bigger area, large heads, and equally large flanges on the collars. Quick release fasteners are also important in the interior of the aircraft, as they help remove panels for easier access.

Stainless steel clamps are also important. The worm-screw clamp, for instance, are useful in the fuel, oil, air, and coolant lines. These tools provide uniform clamping pressure without causing the hose to distort. Self-locking nuts obviously do not require a locking device. The use of insert is the most common locking method. Locknuts are efficient in areas that are prone to high temperature and vibration.

Bolts are sturdy aircraft hardware materials. When strength is not a requirement on a certain part of the structure, screws can do the job. Pins help secure two objects together. They are inserted on the holes made on the surface of the objects. They also come in straight, tapered, rolled, or grooved types. Most of them provide perfect alignment, holding parts in absolute connection to one another. Even constant motion will not result to slippage.

Aircraft General Tools

Bearings are forms of hardware any airplane will never do without. Rod end, roller, and needle roller bearings are some of the common types. They are useful in constructing hydraulic actuators, landing gears, wheels, flight controls, aerospace fans, and door mechanisms.

Other important general tools include gaskets and seals. They seal surfaces to prevent too much friction and protect them for extreme temperature.

These are only some of the aircraft hardware supplies that make up an entire airplane. When you are in this type of business, you have no choice but to familiarize yourself with these things to achieve the best quality planes.

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The Revit Workstation – Hardware Recommendations

Having been asked this month 3 times for a recommendation for a Revit workstation, I am writing this highly opinionated guide today to help Revit users make wise choices. However, I have been thinking about writing this for years.

I have been building CAD workstations since the mid 1990′s. Every time I build a new computer, it requires a great deal of research because of the ever-changing technology. This time is no exception.

This system will be designed primarily for Revit but will work as well for 3DS Max Design, Autodesk Ultimate Building Suite, The Adobe Creative Suite Master Collection and V-Ray. It will be suitable for BIM and all of its tangents such as rendering, animation, clash detection and estimating.

OPERATING SYSTEM

Let’s start here. If you don’t do this right, your results will suck. I propose you need Windows 7 Professional 64 bit. You must have Windows Professional to connect to a domain based network. You never know when this is necessary so why fundamentally limit yourself now?

You also must have a 64 bit system to address more than 4 Gb of RAM. Revit requires about 8 Gb of RAM for professional level work. However in the near future I can see where Revit models will get larger and require more RAM. Today a 32bit computer is a toy (a bike with training wheels) and bordering on useless. If you choose a 32 bit system for your Revit installation, stop now and get a new career.

CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT (CPU)

The next piece is the CPU, that tiny chip with billions of transistors that make geeks drool. The faster the CPU, the longer you will be satisfied using your computer. This will add time on the back end of your purchase so you don’t need or want a new one next year.

AMD chips while cheaper and give you that feeling of sticking it to the man, are just slower. Don’t even think about an Apple. While it is possible to run Revit on an emulator, the same level of performance will cost 2 to 3 times what you will get with a PC.

You have to go with Intel for the CPU choice. There are 2 directions to go from here, The Core i7′s and the Xeon’s. The Xeon’s totally rock, but they are for multi-CPU systems and are almost three times the cost of an equivalent Core i7. Revit is single CPU software and multiple Xeon’s will not help it at all. (Although it will help with 3DS Max, that is not the purpose of this system.)

I propose you choose an i7 for our system. The second generation of i7′s are out now and are getting great benchmarks and reviews. The top of the line i7 is the 3960X Extreme Edition and runs about $1,000. The top of the line Intel desktop CPU has been $1,000 for at least the past 20 years. No surprise there. This is not a difficult choice.

MOTHERBOARD

I like Asus as a company. In the past year I bought or recommended 4 of their laptops. One of them was for Revit use. In my experience they make the best motherboards. I propose you select their top of the line motherboard for this CPU selection, the Rampage IV Extreme. In addition to being a sweet piece of art, it has the fastest SATA ports for your hard disks (6.0 Gb/s) the fastest USB ports (3.0), the latest Intel chipset (X79), supports 64 Gb of 2400MHz DDR3 RAM. Has a Gb LAN connection, the fastest video slots with PCI-Express 3.0, CrossFireX / SLI, Bluetooth, a ton of built-in adjustments for overclocking and 8 Channel surround sound. Another very easy choice.

MEMORY

Although I can install 64 Gb of 2400 MHz RAM in this system, this really is overkill and very expensive at about $4,000. I can get 32 Gb of 1866 MHz RAM for $329,98. The 64 Gb will make a nice upgrade in the future when the price drops. Revit is a memory hog. I currently have 12 Gb and I don’t think I have ever filled it, but I’ve come close when running other programs with Revit. The 32 Gb of RAM and cooling fan from corsair I propose is very inexpensive.

MONITORS

This is something I have studied extensively. I had a Dell 30″ 2560×1600 for a few years. What an awesome experience. For a short period of time I had two of them.

Architects need three monitors for optimum production. That third monitor makes such a huge difference. Its use is primarily as a digital reference table. Most of the documents I work with are available as PDF’s. Even hand sketches can be easily scanned as PDF or JPG’s. Perhaps we are approaching the paperless office finally? (Oh my, how “green”)

So I propose a using a Dell 30″ 2560×1600 LCD monitor as the center monitor for the primary graphics area of the various software. A Dell 23″ 1920×1080 LED on the left for the graphics menus as well as email. And an identical Dell 23″ 1920×1080 LED on the right for reference and internet. The smaller end monitors shall be LED for razor-sharp clarity and shall rotate 90 degrees vertical for long documents and menus. Once again, is there any other choice?

GRAPHICS CARDS

Although the graphics cards don’t have a huge effect on Revit, two are required with two dual link DVI ports each, for the monitors I’ve proposed. In addition, the extra port can be used for an additional monitor or for a projector for client presentations.

The two graphics cards I’m proposing each have 512 cores of GPU processing power and 3 Gb or GDDR5 memory. These cores and increased memory allow you to render with iRay (which comes with 3DS Max Design) and also work with V-Ray RT. iRay claims to render perfect lighting using the GPU in a reasonable amount of time. In some cases real-time rendering is possible in the viewports. These graphics cards also get amazing results with the Adobe CS5.5 Master suite and with animation processes.

There is some controversy choosing between the Nvidia Quadro and the Nvidia GeForce with the benchmarks not always favoring the way more expensive Quadro’s I am proposing less expensive GeForce graphics cards. The GFX 580 3Gb is under $600 each. The Quadro 5000 with 2.5 Gb is over $1700. I understand that the GeForce cards run a little hotter when rendering. We can address that with a well designed case.

POWER SUPPLY

Of course graphics cards use a lot of power. CrossFireX / SLI support would be good. So an excellent modular power supply with an 80 plus gold rating indicates it is very efficient. Modular indicates that instead of a fat snake of cables tumbling out from the unit, all cables detach and you only use what is needed for your configuration. 1200 watts insures that you have plenty of power at crucial times and in the future. I propose the Corsair CMPSU-1200AX.

KEYBOARD

I love Logitech products and I really like their illuminated keyboards. USB wired works great for a desktop. I propose the Logitech 920-000914

MOUSE

1000 DPI with hyperfast scrolling, also USB wired. I propose the Logitect 910-001204.

OPTICAL DRIVE

A burner that will burn or play anything including Blu-ray and LightScribe labels is ideal. I propose the Light-On iHBS212-08 drive

HARD DRIVES

The C: drive that contains the operating system and the installed programs should be solid state. These drives are really expensive but they make a huge difference. I see people claiming less than ten seconds for boot / startup time. I propose a Crucial 512 GB solid state drive with SATA 6Gb/s interface..

I propose that all the data in the computer will be stored on a RAID Level 1 consisting of two 2 Terabyte Seagate Barracuda SATA 7200 RPM 64Mb 6GB/s mechanical drives. That will hold a lot of data safely.

I propose that the backup system shall be a portable USB 3.0 three terabyte Western Digital drive.

SPEAKERS

I imagine that sound playback is mostly a low priority, so I propose a Dell sound bar mounted on the bottom of the center monitor would be inexpensive and ideal.

THE CASE

My philosophy on cases used to be simple. The case did not matter. Cheap with no flashing lights, windows or wild colors. Beige was good, grey perhaps a bit risqué?

Now I like the nicer elegant aluminum cases that have excellent cooling engineered right in, wire compartments, removable motherboard tray, smart front ports and controls. I propose a SilverStone Half Tower, the Temjin TJ09-B in black with a few additional fans and a radiator mounting bracket for the CPU cooler.

I now think that if you spend all this money on performance, you can spend a little on aesthetics for a nice package. Hmm… Sounds like architecture.

CPU COOLER

I propose that you use a Corsair H80 liquid cooler, which will keep the CPU temperature under control.

SELF-BUILT AND THE COMPETITION

There are people and manufacturers that can make a computer so you don’t have to. But assembly of the hardware is actually trivial. I have had my kids build computers just to prove it. There are actually very few parts.

The advantages of self-built are that you get all the documentation for each part for future maintenance. It is less expensive for the exact same system, sometimes by a lot. If you assemble it yourself, you will know it really well.

Sometimes manufacturers use odd or custom-made parts with no name on them. If you buy the part for your system, you will have access to the part manufacturer’s customer service and these are some of the smartest guys you will ever speak to. If you buy an assembled system, and you call customer service, you will talk to some of the dumbest people you will ever speak to.

One time I acquired a very expensive computer built by a famous Hollywood computer guy totally customized for CAD and 3DS Max. It would shut down for what appeared to be no reason at all. In 6 months half the memory burned up. He offered no help at all. When I opened it up I saw it only had one fan. I ended up punching holes in it and wire tying fans inside it to keep it working. It was very ugly.

At one time when our firm was really busy, I purchased Dell Precision Workstations. They were certified, and the top of the line. Over time some of them would develop weird problems that prevented CAD from working on them at all. When you want a state of the art really fast computer, Dell seems to be lagging behind a year. Their 30″ monitor is absolutely the best though.

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Residential Architecture – A Definition of Terms

ou may have decided that, in order to get the house you’ve always dreamed of, the best idea is to hire a respected residential architect. However, you may have some reservations, especially as you think that you might not be able to understand the designer’s jargon, in order to have meaningful conversations. While the architect has been trained to visualize spaces in 3 dimensions based on technical drawings, you may have some difficulty doing the same. Don’t let these issues handicap the design process! Let me try to help out with some clarification of some of the terms you may encounter during your dealings with your architect.

Types of Drawings

As you go through the design process, your architect will present a variety of drawings to you, to present the design options. Some of these may make more sense to you than others, so here’s a quick overview of the major drawing categories.

Plans – This is likely the most familiar drawing, as it presents a horizontal “map” of the spaces. Conceptually, imagine taking a building and slicing it right at about waist height, then looking down; that is what a Floor Plan is meant to show. A Reflected Ceiling Plan, on the other hand, imagines that the floor is covered with mirrors, so instead of looking down you’re really looking up to see the ceiling features. One other plan type is the Site Plan, which shows the property and locates the new features, often demonstrating that Zoning rules such as a minimum setback or yard depth is being met.

Elevations – An elevation is close to what the building will actually look like, since it doesn’t involve any conceptual slicing. Rather, it shows the building in a vertical plane, as though you were standing far away and viewing it with a telescope (in other words, without any distortion caused by perspective). In the real world, of course, we always view things in perspective, meaning that elements closer to us appear bigger than elements further away. Exterior Elevations show the outside of the building, while Interior Elevations show a limited portion of the interior (such as one wall of a living room where the fireplace sits).

Sections – Section drawings are somewhat like x-rays of a building, intended to show what is going on within the hidden spaces. Similar to how Plans are drawn by imagining a slicing of the building horizontally, Sections imagine a slice (usually vertical) happening wherever their “cut line” is, as represented on a Plan or Elevation. A Building Section will extend the cut line all the way across the building and show the entire width of it, whereas a Wall Section just cuts across a single wall to show how that wall is built.

Details – Details can usually fit into one of the above categories (Plans, Elevations, Sections) but they tend to show only a limited condition, at an enlarged scale so that more specific information can be presented.

Schedules (drawings) – While not as common for residential drawings sets, sometimes Schedules may be used to present information. In this sense, a Schedule has nothing to do with time, but rather it is a table or spreadsheet that lists a number of similar items. For instance, a Door Schedule will list each door and describe its qualities, such as what kind of hardware it will use, or its size. By doing so, this information does not have to appear on the other drawings. A Room Finish Schedule will describe the finish materials used on each wall, ceiling, and floor surface.

Schedules (construction) – Your architect will use the time or calendar sense of the term Schedule when discussing project timeframes, and will be able to work backwards from your targeted completion date to determine when the various phases of the Design Process (see below) need to be complete. If your architect also provides Construction Management services, then a more detailed Construction Schedule can be developed as well.

Renderings – This refers to a more artistic image which attempts to show the building as it will be experienced, often in 3D perspective and full color. As a non-technical drawing, it is of lesser value to your builder, but it will probably be the best way for you to envision the space. Renderings take time to produce, though, so ask your architect if you want to see one. In addition to static renderings, with computers a “fly-by” can be produced, which is a short video in which the camera moves around or through the building.

Design Process

There are many phases to the design process, during which the expectations for the drawings presented will vary. You may be familiar with the notion of an architect sketching out some concept on a napkin while talking at a deli, but in the real world it takes a lot more detail than that before something gets built.

Master Planning – While not as common for residential architectural projects, this refers to a process of using estimated building sizes and other assumptions to lay out a guiding plan, usually for an entire site onto which multiple projects are going to be built. Because it is concerned with general configurations, buildings or rooms may be represented by single-line boundaries, and may not include doors and windows. The amount of detail is arbitrary, as too much detail can hinder the process at this stage.

Programming – This refers to a process of documenting how you will be using the spaces provided and what your spatial needs are. For residential projects, this is usually a thorough interview between you and your architect at the outset of the project.

Schematic Design – During this phase, the general shape of spaces is determined, often with multiple options for your consideration. The building will be shown in greater detail, with wall thicknesses and doors and windows, but not quite as much detail as the contractor will require. The drawings developed during this phase are intended to facilitate decision-making.

Existing Conditions and Field Measurement – If your project involves modifications to an existing building, then before any other design development can occur, the existing building must be documented. This means time spent with a camera and tape measure, followed by time in the office drawing up what was measured. Accuracy here can mean fewer problems during construction, and your architect might need to do additional measurements later in the project when considering how to resolve specific construction details.

Construction Documents – Often referred to just as “CD’s”, these are the fully detailed drawings that your builder will use, and actually act as part of a legal instrument. These will include plenty of specific notes and dimensions, so much in fact that they may be hard to read. That is why it is best to have design decisions made prior to engaging in the CD phase. Construction Documents may also include Specifications, either within the drawing set, or issued as a separate book.

Permit Submission – Usually, once the CD set is done, it is submitted to the local building department in order to receive a permit. Depending on the project scope, it might also need Zoning approval. In both cases, the drawings are reviewed by the authority and either approved or rejected, with revisions requested. A Zoning submission can be done earlier in the process, since the full set of CD’s is usually not required – the Schematic Design versions of many drawings will suffice.

Other Terms

While there are potentially many more terms that could use explanation, here are just a few that may be helpful.

Massing – this refers to overall major shapes and their configurations. It ignores finishes and fenestration.

Finishes – the exposed surface materials on the completed building, such as carpet for a floor.

Fenestration – openings in walls such as windows and doors.

Roof Pitch – the steepness of a roof, measured in terms of inches gained vertically over 12 inches of horizontal run. It is not an angular measurement.

CMU – “concrete masonry unit”, or what is often called “cinder block” because at one time cinders were used as an aggregate (but no longer).

Rebar – Reinforcing Bars, used within poured concrete walls and slabs to strengthen them.

Casework – basically cabinetry, built to fit the space, which may include features like a desk.

Rafter, Truss, Joist, Beam, Column – these are terms for different kinds of structural elements that act in different ways. As such, they are not interchangeable.

Heavy Timber – wood members of a large cross-section that are usually intended to be left exposed, used for their rustic character.

Topography – the shape of the land, usually denoted by contour lines which could be thought of as wedding-cake layers cut at some regular vertical interval.

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Decorative Drapery Hardware Fundamentals – Get Started Decorating Your Room

Back in the early 1980′s, CNN changed our daily lives and invented the 24 hour news cycle. The cable television industry has continued to evolve – keeping up with our steadily growing appetite for more and better information. Recently, the popularity of HGTV and other “do-it-yourself” cable networks has fundamentally changed the way we, as homeowners, approach the care, maintenance and decoration of our homes. Instead of hiring a handy-man or interior designer, we’re learning how to tackle increasingly more complex tasks ourselves – without the aid of an industry professional.

My colleagues and I in the interior design industry began to notice this fundamental shift in homeowner expectations a few years back. Week after week, “Design On A Dime” showcased homeowners creating stunning interior spaces using simple and inexpensive objects without the aid of an interior designer. Instead of hiring a professional designer, homeowners are more and more frequently opting to decorate their home themselves.

While doing-it-yourself can be rewarding, there are some interior design tasks where the help and advice of a professional can actually save you money in the long-run. Choosing your drapery hardware is one of those tasks.

Know exactly what type of drapery you’re going to hang before you begin looking for your drapery hardware.

Different drapery styles require different drapery rods or curtain rods. A traditional pinch pleat drapery can be installed on a traverse rod or a decorative rod. Swags can be hung on a wood or metal pole or draped between drapery holdbacks or tiebacks. Tab-top draperies are almost always installed on a wood or metal drapery pole. And, ripplefold draperies can only be installed on specially made curtain rods with the help of your drapery maker or workroom.

Decide how often you’re going to open and close your drapery.

If you’re going to frequently open and close your drapes (also called traversing your draperies), then you’ll probably want to choose a traverse style drapery rod. This style of curtain rod has cords that allow you to open or close your drapery easily. Traverse rods can open from the middle, or they can open from one side or the other. The way the drapery opens is called the draw. Split draw traverse rods open from the middle, one-way traverse rods open from either the left or right side.

Traverse drapery rods with cords don’t have to be boring.

Some homeowners gravitate away from traverse rods because they think they have to be plain, white metal rods with cords. But, that isn’t the case. Drapery hardware manufacturers have become experts at constructing functional traverse rods that look exactly like a wood pole, or a decorative metal pole. Many decorative traverse rods have finial choices and fully operational rings. One of the leading makers of decorative traverse rods is Gould NY. Their patented top channel traverse design will fool anyone looking at the rod into thinking it’s a beautiful wood pole with rings, not a traverse rod.

Decorative wood and metal poles are made to look pretty, not to traverse your draperies.

If you’re going to open and close your draperies frequently, a traverse rod is the way to go. Decorative poles with rings aren’t made for frequent use. In fact, you may find that sliding your drapery open or closed across a decorative wood pole isn’t as easy as you thought. That’s because natural imperfections in the wood sometimes cause wood poles to develop a slight bow. Drapery hardware manufacturers are quick to point out that decorative poles are meant to be decorative, not functional.

Think about what’s under and behind your drapery when selecting your drapery hardware.

There are three common terms that drapery hardware professionals use when talking about the spacing of your drapery hardware treatment. Projection, clearance and return. Projection typically refers to how far the decorative hardware elements will “stick out” or project into the room from the wall. The return measurement is usually the distance the drapery must bend back to reach the wall when it’s hanging from your drapery rod. And, clearance refers to the open space behind the drapery and back to the wall. Or, “how much room do I have behind the curtain to hang another rod, window blind or sheer”? You’ll notice that I’ve qualified each term loosely, and for good reason. Depending on who you’re speaking with, either a drapery maker, installer or hardware fabricator; clearance, projection and return can mean different things.

With a little guidance, decorative drapery hardware isn’t as confusing as you may think. All things considered, over ninety percent of all decorative drapery hardware treatments consist of just a few items. The pole, the brackets, the finials and the rings. Once you select your pole diameter, simply match the remaining components to that diameter and you’re designing like a pro!

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Samsung – A South Korean Multinational Conglomerate You Can Partner With for Smart Hardware Products

Samsung is in News Again with the Launch of Five SDKs:

Samsung, a South Korean multinational conglomerate and a huge player in the global market, kicked off the Samsung Developer Conference, October 28, 2013, with the introduction of five new SDKs, in an attempt to attract developers to its extensive hardware ecosystem.

Samsung Mobile SDK
Smart TV 5.0 SDK
Multiscreen SDK
Multiscreen Gaming SDK
Knox SDK

The new Samsung Mobile SDK consolidates some existing Samsung mobile development tools and allows engineers to create apps more easily. The Smart TV 5.0 SDK allows developers to create apps for a variety of Samsung’s connected televisions, especially the new 2014 display models. The new Multiscreen SDK allows people to sync their smartphones and other media very quickly across several displays. The Multiscreen Gaming SDK, catered towards gamers, allows Samsung smartphones to be used as consoles that output the gaming to connected Samsung TVs. Lastly, the Knox SDK is used to build apps that can silo work information from personal data.

Samsung – Does the Business Smart:

It is no secret that this slew of launches by Samsung is an attempt to lure developers to its hardware products. There is a steady market desire for devices that are able to interact with each other, and Samsung is attempting to emphasize the value of its gadgets as a way for developers to achieve this. These types of releases are aimed as a way to market its hardware and eventually get people to invest in all of its hardware products, specifically its Smartphone products. Samsung controls a huge market share of hardware, and in terms of smartphones, it dominates almost 50% of the Android market and 29% of the entire mobile phone market. As a prime example of Samsung’s hardware dominance, they released new smartwatch devices, the $300 Galaxy Gear. The device, which is exactly what it sounds, attests to the limits that Samsung pushes in terms of hardware innovation and control of the market. Although not as powerful in terms of software, Samsung also carries extensive expertise in software, which it loads up on all of its devices. All in all, they are using their mobile gadgets as an advertising tool to generate business for its huge hardware product offering.

Know about the Different Subsidiaries of Samsung:

Samsung, a huge conglomerate founded in 1938, generated $268.8 billion in 2012, with net income of $30.1 billion and $590.4 billion in assets. At 427,000 employees and a number of different subsidiaries, Samsung is one of the largest electronics companies in the world. Some notable subsidiaries include:

Samsung Electronics
Samsung Life Insurance
Samsung Fire & Marine Insurance
Samsung Heavy Industries
Samsung C&T
Samsung SDS
Samsung Techwin

Your Smart Partner for Superior Products and Services:

They are also a comprehensive company and offer an array of different products and services:

Products
Apparel
Chemicals
Consumer electronics
Electronic components
Medical equipment
Precision instruments
Semiconductors
Ships
Telecommunications equipment
Services
Advertising
Construction
Entertainment
Financial services
Hospitality
Information and communications technology services
Medical services
retail

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